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Trading Lessons

Know These Crypto Terms Even if You Don’t Trade Altcoins

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Written by Timothy Sykes
Updated 4/17/2022 14 min read

Must-Know Crypto Terms: Key Takeaways

  • Crypto’s too big to ignore … Here’s your starting guide for understanding this market.
  • Anything that people trade affects the market, which is why you MUST know this.
  • Just like stocks, crypto has its own language — read on for your crypto decoder!

Tim Bohen’s talking crypto trading PLUS an insane new strategy he’s nailed — don’t miss this event! Save your seat now.

I don’t trade crypto … but I still know these terms!

I don’t care about bragging on some crypto forum. For me, it’s about knowing more about the trading world.

With a $3 trillion market, crypto is DEFINITELY part of the trading world. Anything you learn about trading goes straight into your knowledge account. What are you waiting for?

Crypto Terms You Need to Know

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You can actually use what you learn here today in the real world. Pay attention.


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Some use this term to refer to the coordinates for a crypto wallet. This is the same as a public key. A bitcoin address can also refer to a one-time virtual location for a bitcoin transaction.


According to my millionaire student Matthew Monaco, altcoins are where crypto’s big trades happen.

Altcoin refers to a newer token — not bitcoin or ether. Matt calls altcoins the penny stocks of the crypto world…

Since they have small market caps, it’s easier for them to go exponential.


Think of the blockchain like a record book. Each block equals one page.

The cool thing about blockchain is its decentralized nature. Since these blocks aren’t in one place, they’re less vulnerable to fraud.

Coin Burning

Want to make a coin more valuable? Burn some of its supply.

This is done by sending it to a wallet with no private key.

Many of the newer cryptos have realized that this is a way to shrink supply and increase demand. Some have built coin burning into their operational models.


Consensus is the process that crypto transactions are approved under — that’s how they cut out the middleman. Most cryptos use proof-of-work (PoW) and proof-of-stake (PoS).

Centralized Exchanges

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Centralized exchanges (CEXs) operate in much the same way as stock trading platforms. They track orders, safeguard money, and ideally provide customer support.

Crypto Derivatives

Crypto derivatives are similar to stock derivatives. Crypto futures and crypto options are two of the most popular products.


This is the language of crypto … and it’s the way that transactions remain secure. Basically, it’s the study of codes.


DeFi stands for decentralized finance. This is financial tech that might just revolutionize the world and put things like banks out of business. It relies on things like smart contracts instead of brokers and exchanges.

Decentralized Exchanges

Decentralized exchanges (DEXs) are one application of DeFi. Here, two parties can do a transaction without an authority to keep things smooth…

This is the revolution that crypto fans are talking about. It can also sometimes lead to trouble.

Exit Scam

Imagine someone offering something for sale…

People trust them enough to hand over money before getting the product. And then they disappear.

This is the premise of an exit scam. Developers do an initial coin offering (ICO) — then cut and run. With crypto’s uneven regulation, there are no guarantees.


Fiat currencies are any government-issued currencies. Many crypto traders talk about fiat dismissively — but they usually pay their rent with it.


A fork is a deviation in a blockchain’s operating system. That could happen due to programming disputes, an attack, or a bug. This can lead to the kind of split that created bitcoin cash.


Ethereum transactions don’t get a free ride. Gas refers to the fee or value you pay for the computing power needed to execute contracts on the Ethereum blockchain.


Halving is the much more effective counterpart to coin burning. After a specified number of coins have been mined, the reward rate is reduced by 50%. This reduces inflation and can induce BIG volatility.

When bitcoin halved its rewards in 2020, bitcoin fans called it the ‘Halvening’ or ‘Halving.’

Hash Rate

This is the speed of mining crypto. Mining is also how transactions are validated in the crypto sphere. A healthy ecosystem has a high hash rate.

Initial Coin Offering (ICO)

I warn my students about chasing IPOs

ICOs have an even bigger risk. The problem is that ICOs aren’t based on something of underlying value. If the market doesn’t love the coin, it isn’t worth anything.

Also, DeFi is a breeding ground for penny stock-type cons. Pumps were legion till the SEC stepped in. But there are still lots of scams going on.


Crypto creators came up with a funky process for minting new currency. It’s called mining, and it serves two purposes…

Powerful computers solve quantum-level math problems to unlock new cryptocurrency. This is the core business of a lot of crypto stocks.

They get rewarded for this. But so does the community. These computer processes serve to secure the crypto and validate transactions.

Private Key/Public Key

Your private key is your crypto password, while your public key is your crypto wallet address. They work together like a bank vault — unlocking your wallet requires the use of both keys.

Proof-of-Stake (PoS)

This is ethereum’s method of validation. In it, more coins give you more credibility. It’s more energy efficient than PoW…

Proof-of-Work (PoW)

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This is bitcoin’s method of validation — the crazy complex math problems that miners solve. One transaction uses more power than the average American household uses in 68 days. Not great.

Smart Contract

Smart contracts are digital contracts stored on the blockchain. They have some similarities to a physical contract. For example, before execution, they need to meet certain criteria and can’t be changed once signed.


Stablecoins are tied to stable currencies like the U.S. dollar or a commodity like gold. They ensure a certain amount of stability in the crypto world. They’re also used for facilitating crypto trades.


For the PoS system to work, coin holders have to volunteer their holdings. In return, they can get compensated impressively.


Another word for coin.


A crypto wallet can be a piece of hardware or an app. The wallet manages the keys to the crypto it’s associated with on the blockchain.

Crypto Slang

Now that you’ve got the basics down, you’ve got to learn how to fit in.


Apeing is jumping at a new token without first doing your own research.


ATH stands for all-time high. This is one of many stock trading terms with crypto overlap.


Buy The F****** Dip! This is another area where crypto and stock trading overlap. It’s also one of my main strategies.

As usual, traders who do well put in a LOT of planning.

I tend to buy panic dips. That’s when the price falls rapidly. But I never try to catch a falling knife. My strategy is built on charting and watching Level 2 quotes.

It’s harder than it sounds. Watch this video for an introduction.

Diamond Hands/Weak Hands

In the Trading Challenge, we call diamond hands — staying in a trade after it goes against you — bag holding.

Weak hands — being pressured out of a position — might also be poor trading. Don’t rely on the strength of your nerves — rely on your trading plan.


Do your own research.


The Flippening is the theoretical future event where ether’s value overtakes bitcoin’s.


Fear of missing out — FOMO — affects people in the stock trading world as well.


Fear, uncertainty, doubt. Crypto enthusiasts use this whenever some CEO or big-time investor says that crypto’s just a fad.


This popular WallStreetBets war cry comes from the world of crypto from a trader who misspelled hold. Now it’s an acronym for ‘hold on for dear life.’ Crypto and stock traders may use it when they refuse to sell. Not my approach.


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When someone asks, “When Lambo?” they want to know when a coin will shoot up high enough to buy a Lamborghini.


You’ve heard this one. When crypto shoots up, people say it’s headed “to the moon.”


This is a coin with bad prospects.

Stacking Sats

Satoshi Nakomoto is the pseudonym of bitcoin’s founder — this guy is the crypto world’s version of The Wizard of Oz. He created bitcoin then vanished, leaving the project to be decentralized and collectively managed.

Satoshis are equal to .0001 Bitcoins. When a crypto trader says they’re ‘stacking sats,’ that means they’re buying bitcoin.


These are the big coin holders. What they do can influence the entire market.

How Do You Trade Crypto?

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I don’t trade crypto. It’s too crazy for me.

I like to control my trades. With crypto, the only way to do that is by not sleeping.

I leave the crypto trading to top students like Matt Monaco and Kyle Williams. Matt has made almost $2 million trading stocks. Kyle is at $2.9 million.

They’ve figured out how to take their winning stock strategy into the world of crypto. With Crypto Rockets, they share trades, watchlists, and more.

It’s Matt and Kyle’s entire crypto strategy — in one place.

Get the most comprehensive crypto trading guidance right here.


If you trade anything, you need to STUDY UP!

It’s often said that 90% of stock traders lose. Despite the bitcoin billionaires, I think the number of crypto losers is even higher.

They lose for the same reason — not doing the work. Studying is the building block of a good trading career.

There’s a lot of misinformation out there. Knowledge is your shield and sword.

Is my crypto terms list thorough enough for you? What’s your favorite slang term? Let me know in the comments!

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Timothy Sykes

Tim Sykes is a penny stock trader and teacher who became a self-made millionaire by the age of 22 by trading $12,415 of bar mitzvah money. After becoming disenchanted with the hedge fund world, he established the Tim Sykes Trading Challenge to teach aspiring traders how to follow his trading strategies. He’s been featured in a variety of media outlets including CNN, Larry King, Steve Harvey, Forbes, Men’s Journal, and more. He’s also an active philanthropist and environmental activist, a co-founder of Karmagawa, and has donated millions of dollars to charity. Read More

* Results are not typical and will vary from person to person. Making money trading stocks takes time, dedication, and hard work. There are inherent risks involved with investing in the stock market, including the loss of your investment. Past performance in the market is not indicative of future results. Any investment is at your own risk. See Terms of Service here

The available research on day trading suggests that most active traders lose money. Fees and overtrading are major contributors to these losses.

A 2000 study called “Trading is Hazardous to Your Wealth: The Common Stock Investment Performance of Individual Investors” evaluated 66,465 U.S. households that held stocks from 1991 to 1996. The households that traded most averaged an 11.4% annual return during a period where the overall market gained 17.9%. These lower returns were attributed to overconfidence.

A 2014 paper (revised 2019) titled “Learning Fast or Slow?” analyzed the complete transaction history of the Taiwan Stock Exchange between 1992 and 2006. It looked at the ongoing performance of day traders in this sample, and found that 97% of day traders can expect to lose money from trading, and more than 90% of all day trading volume can be traced to investors who predictably lose money. Additionally, it tied the behavior of gamblers and drivers who get more speeding tickets to overtrading, and cited studies showing that legalized gambling has an inverse effect on trading volume.

A 2019 research study (revised 2020) called “Day Trading for a Living?” observed 19,646 Brazilian futures contract traders who started day trading from 2013 to 2015, and recorded two years of their trading activity. The study authors found that 97% of traders with more than 300 days actively trading lost money, and only 1.1% earned more than the Brazilian minimum wage ($16 USD per day). They hypothesized that the greater returns shown in previous studies did not differentiate between frequent day traders and those who traded rarely, and that more frequent trading activity decreases the chance of profitability.

These studies show the wide variance of the available data on day trading profitability. One thing that seems clear from the research is that most day traders lose money .

Millionaire Media 66 W Flagler St. Ste. 900 Miami, FL 33130 United States (888) 878-3621 This is for information purposes only as Millionaire Media LLC nor Timothy Sykes is registered as a securities broker-dealer or an investment adviser. No information herein is intended as securities brokerage, investment, tax, accounting or legal advice, as an offer or solicitation of an offer to sell or buy, or as an endorsement, recommendation or sponsorship of any company, security or fund. Millionaire Media LLC and Timothy Sykes cannot and does not assess, verify or guarantee the adequacy, accuracy or completeness of any information, the suitability or profitability of any particular investment, or the potential value of any investment or informational source. The reader bears responsibility for his/her own investment research and decisions, should seek the advice of a qualified securities professional before making any investment, and investigate and fully understand any and all risks before investing. Millionaire Media LLC and Timothy Sykes in no way warrants the solvency, financial condition, or investment advisability of any of the securities mentioned in communications or websites. In addition, Millionaire Media LLC and Timothy Sykes accepts no liability whatsoever for any direct or consequential loss arising from any use of this information. This information is not intended to be used as the sole basis of any investment decision, nor should it be construed as advice designed to meet the investment needs of any particular investor. Past performance is not necessarily indicative of future returns.

Citations for Disclaimer

Barber, Brad M. and Odean, Terrance, Trading is Hazardous to Your Wealth: The Common Stock Investment Performance of Individual Investors. Available at SSRN: “Day Trading for a Living?”

Barber, Brad M. and Lee, Yi-Tsung and Liu, Yu-Jane and Odean, Terrance and Zhang, Ke, Learning Fast or Slow? (May 28, 2019). Forthcoming: Review of Asset Pricing Studies, Available at SSRN: “https://ssrn.com/abstract=2535636”

Chague, Fernando and De-Losso, Rodrigo and Giovannetti, Bruno, Day Trading for a Living? (June 11, 2020). Available at SSRN: “https://ssrn.com/abstract=3423101”