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Penny Stock Basics

Operating Profit: Definition, Formula, & Examples

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Written by Timothy Sykes
Updated 1/25/2023 12 min read

A lot of traders zone out when they hear terms like ‘operating profit.’

After all, that’s an accounting term, right? What does that have to do with a hot stock pick? If that’s your mentality, you’ve got a problem.

One of the biggest reasons many traders fail is because they don’t take the time to learn how the financial markets and stocks actually work.

You’ve got to learn all you can. Your education never really ends. There’s always something new to learn. And knowledge is power when it comes to trading.

Yes, I put a lot of emphasis on technical analysis. I look at charts and price action.

But if you’re trying to make a case for whether a trade is a good idea, you need to consider as many variables as you can.

Yeah, that means digging deeper with your stock research. You need to look at the ‘boring’ fundamentals. Things like operating profit can help you better understand a company’s potential profitability.

Again, it all boils down to making smarter trading decisions.

So what is operating profit, why does it matter, and how specifically can it help you make smarter trades? I’ll explain it all here. Plus I’ll help you figure out how to fit it into your stock research.

What Is Operating Profit? Here’s the Definition

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What does operating profit mean?

Operating profit is an accounting term. It refers to the profits a company makes from its core business … but with a few adjustments.

This number includes a company’s profits but removes overhead and operating expenses.

It also removes income from non-core business-related sources from the equation. For instance, say a company owns a building and makes money off of it. But if it’s not related to the company’s key function, the income from the building doesn’t count.

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How Does Operating Profit Work?

How does this work? Let’s look at an example.

Example of Operating Profit

Say that company X had an operating profit of $10 billion for the 2019 fiscal year. That might sound impressive. But it’s nothing compared to the total revenue the company made. That totaled $100 billion.

But then again, a lot of that revenue went directly into things that were necessary for the company to keep going. That means like COGS (cost of goods sold) and the price of operating (rent, utilities, etc.).

The initial number might sound impressive. But when you distill it down to the operating profit, it’s a bit more on the level.

Now that you’ve got an idea of how it works, let’s set it apart from some other common concepts…

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Operating Profit vs. Net Profit

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If you’re vaguely familiar with some accounting terms, you might be curious about the difference between operating profit and net profit. What’s the deal?

It’s mostly about what goes into the figure — and what doesn’t.

  • Operating profit is the company’s income after operating expenses.
  • Net profit is the company’s income after paying all costs.

It’s important to look at both. These two figures can tell you different information.

Net profit can help you know the total profit the company earned in a period. Operating profit can give you a better idea of how the company actually handles its finances.

From a company’s standpoint, the operating profit is important. It can help it cut down on extraneous expenses and streamline systems.

Net profit is more about knowing the overall company activity. It’s key for the company to know how to generate income for employees, management, shareholders, and stakeholders.

Both are important. But like I said, it’s just more information to consider when deciding whether to make a trade.

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Net Operating Profit After Tax

That’s NOPAT for short. This measures how much the company has after paying operating expenses and taxes.

It’s the amount of earnings that the company could divvy out to shareholders — if the company has no debt.

Operating Profit vs. Gross Profit

“Gross” doesn’t mean disgusting in the world of accounting. Gross profit margin only figures in the company’s direct production costs.

Operating profit, on the other hand, includes operating expenses like rent or equipment … You know, overhead.

Operating Profit vs. EBIT and EBITDA

EBIT has nothing to do with FitBit. It’s an acronym: earnings before interest and tax.

Often, EBIT is used interchangeably with operating profit.

But sometimes, EBIT accounts for non-operating income. For example, if a company owns a building that generates profits, those profits could be included in EBIT.

But overall, if there isn’t non-operating revenue, the operating profit will be pretty much the same as the EBIT.

I don’t hate EBIT. I think it can be a good indicator of a company’s potential to deliver profits.

One benefit of EBIT is that it lets you consider some non-operational costs that could affect the company. Say there was a lawsuit, for example. This could seriously impact a company’s profit and earnings potential. It would be smart to know about it.

If you’re thinking about acquiring a given company, you’d probably want to look at EBIT to see if it’s a good investment. As a trader, you’re buying a piece of the company. Even if you don’t believe in the company, it’s good to know what you’re up against.

Another related term you might see? EBITDA. This is an acronym for earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization.

Depreciation and amortization are used to calculate a business’s assets over time. Amortization refers to an intangible asset’s cost throughout its lifespan. Depreciation refers to the expense of a fixed asset throughout its lifespan.

Depending on the company and what kinds of assets it owns and/or uses to operate the business, EBITDA can give you even more info when evaluating a company’s potential.

Why Does Operating Profit Matter?

Why is operating profit worth looking at?

Because it tells you a lot about the business’s profit potential.

It can be a good indicator of future success. It removes a lot of noise from the equation. It’s not usually a huge, impressive number. It removes a lot of expenses necessary for the business’s survival … but that could bring down the profits considerably.

With penny stocks, I don’t typically believe in the companies behind the stocks … I don’t suggest you become a believer either. Most of these companies will eventually fail.

But with the operating profit, you can learn a lot about how efficient — or inefficient — the company really is.

This can tell you something important about the quality of the management and how solid the company is … And even if you don’t believe in the company, this can help you make better calls for short-term trading too.

What Is the Operating Profit Ratio?

The operating profit ratio helps you figure out the relationship between profit and net sales.

How Do You Calculate Operating Profit?

You can calculate the operating profit by taking the operating income (learn more about that in this post) and removing costs and operating expenses.

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Operating Profit Formula

To figure out the operating profit, here’s the formula:

Operating Income – COGS (cost of goods sold) – Company Operating Expenses – Depreciation and Amortization = Operating Profit

Watch Out for Excluded Expenses

Various revenue streams aren’t included in operating profit, so you gotta look out for them.

For instance, revenue generated through the sale of assets not related to the core company business isn’t included in operating profit.

But that’s not all. There could be expenses you don’t know about. A big expense that’s not directly related to the company’s operations could really change its entire outlook. (Here’s one reason to do your homework.)

Frequently Asked Questions About Operating Profit

Wondering about a few things? You’re not alone. Here are some common things people want to know about operating profit…

How Do I Use Operating Profit?

Operating profit is a fairly good indicator of a company’s potential to profit.

Mainly, you’re looking at the operating profit to help you figure out whether a company could be profitable.

It removes a lot of noise from the calculation. So you get a pretty clean number. It gives you a big reveal about the company’s actual profit after necessary costs. That’s why operating profit considers asset-related depreciation and amortization.

Operating profit is different from net income, which can vary a lot based on these exceptions. So considering both can give you a better picture of the whole company.

Is Operating Income the Same as Operating Profit?

Good question. Some people use these terms interchangeably. They’re close — but not exactly the same.

Operating income includes sales with returns and taxes deducted. It’s easy to find on a company’s income statement.

Operating profit takes it a step further. It’s operating income minus overhead and operating expenses.

Wanna know more about operating income? Check out this post.

What Is a Good Operating Profit Margin?

Unfortunately, there’s no single answer to this. It totally depends on the industry.

To compare, it’s a good idea to find an industry leader and check out its operating profit. You can then compare smaller companies.

Trading Challenge

I’ve said it before … I’ll say it again. In trading, knowledge is power. If you want to learn and find a place to put your knowledge to work, apply for my Trading Challenge.

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The Final Word on Operating Profit

It’s tempting to dismiss fundamentals as boring. But it’s all connected, and it all matters when you’re choosing stocks to trade.

The more you know, the better off you’ll be — whether you’re trading penny stocks like me or getting into longer-term investing.

Understanding things like operating profit can help you get a better idea of a company’s health. This can be part of building a case for or against a trade … or deciding whether to go long or short.

Plus, knowing more is never a bad thing. You never know when it might come up in conversation. You don’t want to come across as an idiot trader who doesn’t understand finance, do you?

Let me hear it … How do you use operating profit in your stock research? Honest answers only. Leave a comment!

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Timothy Sykes

Tim Sykes is a penny stock trader and teacher who became a self-made millionaire by the age of 22 by trading $12,415 of bar mitzvah money. After becoming disenchanted with the hedge fund world, he established the Tim Sykes Trading Challenge to teach aspiring traders how to follow his trading strategies. He’s been featured in a variety of media outlets including CNN, Larry King, Steve Harvey, Forbes, Men’s Journal, and more. He’s also an active philanthropist and environmental activist, a co-founder of Karmagawa, and has donated millions of dollars to charity. Read More

* Results are not typical and will vary from person to person. Making money trading stocks takes time, dedication, and hard work. There are inherent risks involved with investing in the stock market, including the loss of your investment. Past performance in the market is not indicative of future results. Any investment is at your own risk. See Terms of Service here

The available research on day trading suggests that most active traders lose money. Fees and overtrading are major contributors to these losses.

A 2000 study called “Trading is Hazardous to Your Wealth: The Common Stock Investment Performance of Individual Investors” evaluated 66,465 U.S. households that held stocks from 1991 to 1996. The households that traded most averaged an 11.4% annual return during a period where the overall market gained 17.9%. These lower returns were attributed to overconfidence.

A 2014 paper (revised 2019) titled “Learning Fast or Slow?” analyzed the complete transaction history of the Taiwan Stock Exchange between 1992 and 2006. It looked at the ongoing performance of day traders in this sample, and found that 97% of day traders can expect to lose money from trading, and more than 90% of all day trading volume can be traced to investors who predictably lose money. Additionally, it tied the behavior of gamblers and drivers who get more speeding tickets to overtrading, and cited studies showing that legalized gambling has an inverse effect on trading volume.

A 2019 research study (revised 2020) called “Day Trading for a Living?” observed 19,646 Brazilian futures contract traders who started day trading from 2013 to 2015, and recorded two years of their trading activity. The study authors found that 97% of traders with more than 300 days actively trading lost money, and only 1.1% earned more than the Brazilian minimum wage ($16 USD per day). They hypothesized that the greater returns shown in previous studies did not differentiate between frequent day traders and those who traded rarely, and that more frequent trading activity decreases the chance of profitability.

These studies show the wide variance of the available data on day trading profitability. One thing that seems clear from the research is that most day traders lose money .

Millionaire Media 66 W Flagler St. Ste. 900 Miami, FL 33130 United States (888) 878-3621 This is for information purposes only as Millionaire Media LLC nor Timothy Sykes is registered as a securities broker-dealer or an investment adviser. No information herein is intended as securities brokerage, investment, tax, accounting or legal advice, as an offer or solicitation of an offer to sell or buy, or as an endorsement, recommendation or sponsorship of any company, security or fund. Millionaire Media LLC and Timothy Sykes cannot and does not assess, verify or guarantee the adequacy, accuracy or completeness of any information, the suitability or profitability of any particular investment, or the potential value of any investment or informational source. The reader bears responsibility for his/her own investment research and decisions, should seek the advice of a qualified securities professional before making any investment, and investigate and fully understand any and all risks before investing. Millionaire Media LLC and Timothy Sykes in no way warrants the solvency, financial condition, or investment advisability of any of the securities mentioned in communications or websites. In addition, Millionaire Media LLC and Timothy Sykes accepts no liability whatsoever for any direct or consequential loss arising from any use of this information. This information is not intended to be used as the sole basis of any investment decision, nor should it be construed as advice designed to meet the investment needs of any particular investor. Past performance is not necessarily indicative of future returns.

Citations for Disclaimer

Barber, Brad M. and Odean, Terrance, Trading is Hazardous to Your Wealth: The Common Stock Investment Performance of Individual Investors. Available at SSRN: “Day Trading for a Living?”

Barber, Brad M. and Lee, Yi-Tsung and Liu, Yu-Jane and Odean, Terrance and Zhang, Ke, Learning Fast or Slow? (May 28, 2019). Forthcoming: Review of Asset Pricing Studies, Available at SSRN: “https://ssrn.com/abstract=2535636”

Chague, Fernando and De-Losso, Rodrigo and Giovannetti, Bruno, Day Trading for a Living? (June 11, 2020). Available at SSRN: “https://ssrn.com/abstract=3423101”